Any time you hear the phrase “abnormal test results” from your doctor, it’s a scary thing. If your pap-smear test results show as abnormal, your doctor may recommend colposcopy. A little bit of knowledge goes a long way to alleviating those fears. Here is what you need to know to understand this routine procedure.
Colposcopy is a gynecological procedure which looks at the vagina and cervix with a special lighted microscope, called a colposcope. A camera can be attached to the colposcope to take pictures or video. This is done to detect and examine abnormalities so your doctor can properly diagnose and treat anything that looks suspicious.
Three tests are performed during the colposcopy procedure. The first two are to make sure your physician can adequately see the abnormality. The final step is what the doctor takes for further testing. Here are the detail for each step of the procedure:
Being properly prepared for any procedure is the key to effective results, and this is particularly true for a colposcopy. There are a few steps to take to make sure your result with be clear for the physician and for the next phase of testing.
Colposcopy is considered to be a safe procedure with very few risks, the most common of which are mild cramping and light spotting. Rare complications from biopsies can occur. You should contact your doctor if you experience bleeding heavier than a typical menstruation, fever, chills, or severe abdominal pain.